Periodontitis is a type of gum disease.
It is severe inflammation of the gums, left untreated, periodontitis can lead to loss of teeth with symptoms that include red, bleeding or swollen gums.
When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to ‘periodontitis’ (which means ‘inflammation around the tooth’). In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called ‘pockets’) that become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue the hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.
What are periodontitis symptoms?
Symptoms of periodontitis include:
- Grow red, swollen, and tender.
- Recede (tissue pulls back, so more of your teeth show).
- Become loose.
- Feel sensitive.
- Get surrounded by pus.
- Look like they’re longer (from receding gums).
Other symptoms include:
- Change in your bite (way your lower and upper teeth come together).
- Painful chewing.
Prevention and Treatment.
- Good oral hygiene. That means brushing your teeth for two minutes at least twice daily ( in the morning and before going to bed ).
- The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up a good daily care routine at home try to use healing oral gel, only use 100% natural ingredient product.
- Good health practices. Practices such as healthy eating and managing blood sugar if you have diabetes also are important to maintain gum health.
- Regular dental visits. See your dentist or dental hygienist regularly for cleanings, usually every six to 12 months. If you have risk factors that increase your chance of developing periodontitis — such as having a dry mouth, taking certain medications, or smoking — you may need professional cleaning more often